Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Successes of Progressive Era Reformers - 800 Words

The Successes of Progressive Era Reformers The Progressive movement was very influential in many ways to early twentieth century America. Businesses became safer, and much more respectful towards their employees. Society accepted moral changes, and became safer communities. The government was affected by the Progressive movement becoming much more democratic, and caring more for the needs of its people. The Progressive movement was successful in reforming American business, society and its government policies in many different instances. The Progressive movement was based mainly on the improvement of human nature and businesses were treating many workers badly. Many muckrakers worked to end the terrible conditions that many workers†¦show more content†¦Progressives knew of the terrible conditions that many laborers were going through in factories and workplaces across America, and they rose up to the challenge of fighting against them. While Progressives reformers worked for change in many different areas, the impro vement of society was one of their most important goals. In terms of society, Progressive reformers wanted to focus on three specific areas. These areas were education, sanitation in tenements or housing, and conservation of the environment ( Progressives wanted education to be based on hands on learning, and that experience is the best teacher (Hayes). John Dewey and some others created a form of Progressive education that was based on teaching young kids how to live along with other knowledge (Hayes). Sanitation for many of the crowded tenements in urban areas was lacking (Caswell). Muckraker Jacob Riis looked to change this and with the publishing of his book How the Other Half Lives (1890), New York and some other states began to pass building safety codes such as the New York State Tenement Housing Act (Caswell). The conservation movement that commenced because of the Progressive party would not have been successful without Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt and John Muir together were able to alter the public’s view of American lands ( Roosevelt worked together with Congress to pass many acts that preserved America’s beauty such as the American Antiquities ActShow MoreRelatedUnit 8 DBQ904 Words   |  4 PagesCameron  Richter   Period  0   Unit  8  DBQ   Prompt:  Evaluate  the  effectiveness  of  Progressive  Era  reformers  and  the  federal  government  in   bringing  about  reform  at  the  national  level.  In  your  answer  be  sure  to  analyze  the  successes  and   limitations  of  these  efforts  in  the  period  190 ­1920.      The  Progressive  movement  was  an  effort  to  cure  American  society  of  many  of  the  ill   ideals  that  had  developed  during  the  later  parts  of  the  19th  and  the  early  20th  centuries  because   of  the  growth  of  industry.  Although  great  cities  and  businesses  developedRead MoreProgressive Era Reformers Essay1001 Words   |  5 PagesAmerica the reformers of the Progressive Era and the Federal Government were effective bringing about reform dealing with reforms to improve the social disgrace of the working conditions, the enthusiasm to be a nation of self-governed people, and the individual interests of presidents despite limitations in the rulings of court cases, the application of reforms reached, and the varying effectiveness of presidents. Reformers looking to improve the working conditions of the progressive Era made significantRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of The Gilded Age1465 Words   |  6 Pagesconsequences. Industrialization of the United States had indirectly tarnished the Gilded Age, and now that this era was coming to an end, reformers were left to clean up the mess. Hence, the Progressive era was born. The Progressive movement was based in the urban middle class and focused on the improvement of society, the economy, and politics. Yet, the movement was not unified. Each reform group of the era had a separate goal that they would focus on. Each president also had a separate vision of nationalRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of The 19th Century1463 Words   |  6 PagesMaya Stepansky Mr. Meyer Progressive Era DBQ Toward the latter part of the 19th century, bustling America, in response to the trends of industrialization and urbanization that characterized its Gilded Age, began its new century by entering into a new historical/political epoch that came to be known as the Progressive Era. This distinctive period in history (spanning from the 1890s through 1920) found progressives seeking to use the American federal government as a means of change through socialRead MoreThe Progressive Era 938 Words   |  4 PagesThe Progressive Era was a time period between the years 1900-1920 and it marked a time in American history in which society was bursting with enthusiasm to improve life in the industrial age by making political and social changes through government action that ultimately led to a higher quality of life for American citizens. Progressives were known for their beliefs in limiting the power of big business, strengthening the power of the states, and were advocators against corruption an d social injusticeRead MoreComparing the Approaches of the Progressive and Populist Movements893 Words   |  4 Pages20th century the progressive movement and populist movement were groups and organizations getting together to resolve social, economic, and political problems occurring in the United States. Both movements had different approaches to what was more important and how to deal with problems. Progressivism was mainly for the betterment of cities while populism is for agrarian section of farmers. First of all there were social failures and successes between the populist and the progressive. During the progressiveRead MoreHow FDR Transformed Progressive Ideas880 Words   |  3 PagesThe progressive party promotes quite an aspiration, engaging political, social, and economic reform. Ted Roosevelt and his supporters triggered a debate about the future of America. Milkis shows this political battle and revisits a time when a party was swallowed by its leaders goals. These goals were kept and then emerged mass democracy. Milkis shows the members of the Progressive Party as activists led by TR who dedicate their program to direct democracy, civic duty and rights. Men whoRead More The Progressive Era Essay798 Words   |  4 Pagesfelt that all power rested with the politicians and businessmen. Reformers known as Progressives attempted to undo the problems caused by industrialization. The Progressive movement sought to end the influence of large corporations, provide more rights and benefits to workers, and end the control possessed by party leaders. At the national level, Progressivism centered on defeating the power of large businesses. The Progressive Era was a period in American history in which improving working conditionsRead MoreTheodore Roosevelt s The Progressive Era Essay1543 Words   |  7 Pagesof a very liberal period in American history. This new ‘Progressive Era’ was mobilized largely by the middle class as an attempt to put an end to the problems created by the period of excess that was the Gilded Age. Believing that big bus iness was ruining democracy, and assuming a moral obligation to shield the poor and downtrodden from corrupt capitalists, the Progressives commenced an era of sweeping reforms. From the outset, the Progressive movement targeted domestic issues such as political machinesRead MoreAp Exam Essays1660 Words   |  7 Pages1775–1783. 3. Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Confine your answer to the period 1845–1861. 4. Analyze the roles that women played in Progressive Era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following. †¢ Politics †¢ Social conditions †¢ Labor and working conditions 5. 5. Explain the causes and consequences of TWO of the following population movements

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Dark Side of Robert Frost’s Nature Essay - 2339 Words

Robert Frost is known for his poems about nature, he writes about trees, flowers, and animals. This is a common misconception, Robert Frost is more than someone who writes a happy poem about nature. The elements of nature he uses are symbolic of something more, something darker, and something that needs close attention to be discovered. Flowers might not always represent beauty in Robert Frost’s poetry. Symbolism is present in every line of the nature’s poet’s poems. The everyday objects present in his poems provide the reader an alternative perspective of the world. Robert Frost uses all the elements of poetry to describe the darker side of nature. After analyzing the Poem Mending Wall and After Apple Picking it is clear that nature plays†¦show more content†¦He was born in San Francisco, California and lived with his mother who was a school teacher, and father who was a journalist. At a very young age Frost had to overcome his father’s death, wh o died when he was eleven. Robert Frost attended Dartmouth College and held many different jobs. He published a number of poems and married Elinor White, who he had six children with. Later Frost attended Harvard but dropped out to work as a farmer and school teacher. His life became harder when his poetry was rejected by many and his new born son died. Later Frost encountered death again because he almost died from pneumonia and actually lost another child. The grief pushed Robert Frost to poetry more and more. He sold his farm and went to England to pursue poetry and published his first book. Nature was a popular theme in his poetry and â€Å"he addressed not only its loveliness but also the isolation, harshness, and pain its New England inhabitants had to endure† (notablebiographies). Later on he returned to America as a famous poet and settled on a farm. In 1934 his daughter Marjorie died and 1938 his wife died from a heart attack. Robert Frost sold his house and began his three year stay at Harvard, where his only surviving son committed suicide. These continuous tragedies are apparent in his poems because of the presence of darkness and death. Robert Frost’s life was not an easy one, and it is clear through the themes in his poetry. Not only does he useShow MoreRelatedEssay about The Dark Side of Humanity Exposed in Robert Frosts Poetry991 Words   |  4 PagesThe Dark Side of Humanity Exposed in Robert Frosts Poetry Robert Frost is often referred to as a poet of nature. Words and phrases such as fire and ice, flowers in bloom, apple orchards and rolling hills, are all important elements of Frosts work. These ‘benign objects provide an alternative way to look at the world and are often used as metaphors to describe a darker view of nature and humans. In Frosts poetry, the depth is as important as the surface. The darker aspects of Frosts poetryRead MoreBiography and Works of Robert Frost794 Words   |  3 PagesBiography: On the outside, Robert Frost’s life seemed easy, but what happened in his life explains why he wrote about a darker side of human nature. Frost was born on March 26, 1874 in San Francisco. According to â€Å"Frost’s Life and Career† on Modern American Poetry, Frost lived there until he, his mother, and his sister moved to Massachusetts after the death of his father. That is where he married Elinor Miriam White, and had six children, two of them dying as babies. Frost grew tired of the MassachusettsRead MoreShadows in the Yellow Wood: The Dark Side of Rober Frosts Poetry1508 Words   |  7 PagesShadows in the Yellow Wood: The Dark Side of Robert Frost’s Poetry Robert Frost is one of the most widely-read and recognized poets of the twentieth century, if not all time. If his name is mentioned, it is usually followed by a reference to two roads diverged in a yellow wood and taking the one less traveled by. But lurking in the shadows of the yellow wood of Frost’s poetry are much deeper meanings than are immediately apparent. As the modern poet Billy Collins says in his â€Å"Introduction toRead MoreLiterary Analysis : Nothing Gold Can Stay By Robert Frost975 Words   |  4 Pages When Robert Frost wrote the poem he had political views because he thought the world was ending. He was also concerned with the way Germany was acting because it was after a huge war. He wrote this poem in the early 1920s the poem was written in english. Frost wrote the poem around the time World War 1 ended and he was fearful about what would happen next. The poem is lyrical because it is short and rhymes. There is a longer verision that has more stanzas. That poem would be a narative becauseRead MoreRobert Frost1276 Words   |  6 PagesRobert Frost has been described as an ordinary man with a deep respect for nature, talking to ordinary people. To what extent do you agree with this view? Poetry is a literary medium which often resonates with the responder on a personal level, through the subject matter of the poem, and the techniques used to portray this. Robert Frost utilises many techniques to convey his respect for nature, which consequently makes much of his poetry relevant to the everyday person. The poems â€Å"Stopping by WoodsRead MoreThe Poetry of Robert Frost Essay754 Words   |  4 PagesRobert Frost has long been recognised as one of America’s greatest poets. Each poem begins with a straightforward description of a place or situation and then gently moves towards commentary and reflection on human life. There are life lessons to be learned in every poem which appeal to the reader both intellectually and emotionally. Frost deals with various aspects of human life throughout his poetry, such as; childhood, relationships, death, decision making, depression etc. Frost expresses theseRead MoreRobert Frost s Mending Wall1291 Words   |  6 PagesIn Ro bert Frost’s poem â€Å"Mending Wall†, he illustrates barriers as linking people through, communication, friendship and the sense of security people gain from those barriers. His messages are utilized through systems, for example, symbolism, structure, and humor, uncovering a complex side of the poem and, in addition, accomplishing a general carefree impact. In Robert Frost’s â€Å"Mending Wall† a tightly woven intricate balance of literal and metaphorical meaning is portrayed through themes of isolationRead MoreThe Mending Wall by Robert Frost Essay1226 Words   |  5 PagesThe Mending Wall by Robert Frost Robert Frost was not just a writer. Frost was, more importantly, an American writer whose works epitomized the Modernist literary movement, and in turn represented the mood and minds of a nation. Frost remains emblematic of a specific time in our country. Through the words of the poet, readers of his day could see a real-time reflection of themselves - visible in Frosts verses were the hopes and apprehensions that marked the first half of the twentieth- Read MoreStopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Essay example897 Words   |  4 PagesQ: In some poems what is described is given a meaning beyond the immediately obvious. Explore any one of the poems where this feature is most memorable. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost is a contemporary piece dealing with the typical human desire for escape. Whether this desire is manifested in avoidance of work, school or simply a relief from the mundane repetitiveness of everyday life this want is present in all humans. Throughout this poem Frost depicts and suggests thatRead MoreAnalysis Of The Sermon On The Mount And The Allegory Of The Cave 1056 Words   |  5 PagesChristianity St. Matthew â€Å"The Sermon on the Mount†, Plato and â€Å"The Allegory of the Cave†, â€Å"The Four Idols† of Sir Francis Bacon, Robert Frost’s â€Å"Mending Wall†, and even Carl Jung and â€Å"The Structure of the Psyche†. All these texts may have been written in different eras and different places, but they have one thing in common, and that is their understandings of human nature and knowledge, and how they demonstrate to us epistemology (how we know) and metaphysics (what human being s know). To begin with

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Linux Operating Systems Essay - 2133 Words

The most popular UNIX-system design end of the XX century has become an inexpensive alternative to expensive (HP-UNIX, SUN Solaris, Digital UNIX) solutions - Operating System (OS etc.) Linux. Today the pace of market development of this system compared to other well-known operating systems is the most intense (Stutz 2004). The strength of the Linux operating system is its flexibility: The system covers the entire range of applications - from desktop PC to multiprocessor servers and super clusters. Currently, multi-stable Linux operating system running on the platforms PC, Alpha, PowerPC, Macintosh, SGI MIPS, Strong ARM, SGI Visual Workstations, VAX, 8086, PC-98, Palm Pilot, HP PA-RISC, Sparc UltraSparc64 systems, m68k (Kofler 2007). As†¦show more content†¦It is composed in such a way that Linux is free, and at the same time, a standardized system (Terpistra 2004). There is only one official version of Linux. Non-commercial nature of Linux makes some people the wrong impression about it: some believe that this operating system does not belong to a professional. In fact, Linux is a PC version of the operating system UNIX. In order to evaluate it on merit, need to understand that particular context in which the developed system is UNIX. Unlike most other operating systems, UNIX developed at the university, the academic environment. For universities and research laboratories Unix - what you need. Its development was parallel to the revolution in computing and communications, which lasts for several decades. Businesses on the part of computer technology are often developed on Unix-based new technologies. In particular, it concerns the tools to work on the Internet. Being a very complex system, Unix, however, from the outset as a system is very flexible. It can be easily modified, thus creating different versions. For example, many manufacturers support different versions of the official UNIX. Companies IBM, Sun, Hewlett-Packard sell and implement its own technical support options. Specialists involved in research programs, create their own versions, tailored to their specific problems (BlumShow MoreRelatedThe Operating System Linux916 Words   |  4 Pages3. Linux 3.1 Introduction: The operating system Linux is an open source version of UNIX [6]. In 1992 [8] Linus Torvalds, who was a computer science student -at the University of Helsinki- [6], was the one who started this operating system. Linux is used on variety of hardware (e.g. on workstations, mid-and high-end servers and on gadgets), which makes it unique [6]. Linux keeps maintaining its position in the market due to the hard work of both employees and volunteers [6]. Previously, UNIXRead MoreThe Elements Of The Operating System For Linux1190 Words   |  5 Pagesof the operating system for the LINUX comprises of the components such as follows: System Calls – The system calls are the service requests made for the specific kernels. Signals – The signals are the calling functions for the operating system to the process and requests. Processes – The process management is used to provide the creation, scheduling and management of various processes. Memory Management – The memory management is used to provide the memory storage allocations to the system. FileRead MoreEssay on Linux Operating System1087 Words   |  5 PagesLinux is a trademark owned by Linus Torvalds [1]. It is an operating system which is powerful, free and inexpensive to own based on UNIX [1]. It is a POSIX-compliant with versions available to install in cell phones, supercomputers and most computing systems [1]. Linux is an open source program as its source code is available to the general public for use and the right to modify from its original design without any charges [1]. New code will be added to the next version made available with LinuxRead MoreLinux Is A Computer Operating System1814 Words   |  8 PagesLinux is everywhere. From your mobile phone to the laptop, desktop, servers, super computers, even the important role. There is a special need to know about. Keeping in mind the requirements and requests for a lot of the decision will discuss the details of Linux. What Computer Operating System, or OS Linux is a computer Operating System with the details before you need to have a basic knowledge. We have a post before about computer operating system, if you can read the post. Top 9 Operating SystemsRead MoreOperating Systems: Why Linux?555 Words   |  2 Pagesseries of operating systems created by Microsoft. Windows operating systems are a main source of income for Microsoft and are expected to rise due to support for Windows XP being cancelled. â€Å"The Windows boost is likely related to businesses increasingly moving away from Windows XP as it entered end of support earlier this month† (Warren, Tom). Windows is a good operating system but why not have a better one? â€Å"Linux is a potential solution† (Kerner, Sean M.). Say goodbye to paying for operating systemsRead MoreLinux Operating System Resembles Unix Operating. System1124 Words   |  5 PagesLinux operating system resembles UNIX operating system a lot but they are not same. They are two different operating systems. Linux operating system is created by considering UNIX as basis. It is not only advanced in operating system development but it is also more powerful and easily available to users. It is an open source software. Unlike any other operating system, user can take Linux and modify the configurations of operating system as per their requirement. Like windows operating system, LinuxRead MoreLinux Operating System on Business2703 Words   |  11 PagesIntroduction about Linux Linux is an operating system that was initially created as a hobby by a young student, Linus Torvalds, at the University of Helsinki in Finland. Linus had an interest in Minix, a small UNIX system, and decided to develop a system that exceeded the Minix standards. He began his work in 1991 when he released version 0.02 and worked steadily until 1994 when version 1.0 of the Linux Kernel was released. Linux is developed and released under the GNU General Public License andRead MoreLinux And Microsoft Operating Systems Essay1573 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract Linux and Microsoft operating systems have been developed and marketed in two very different ways. Microsoft has become synonymous with monopoly and substandard software, while Linux is based on free, open source and the concept of open standards, full disclosure and sharing. Microsoft attempts to discourage consumers from using the Linux solution by suggesting that the operating system is less than perfect, yet it remains blind to its own operating systems problems existent within WindowsRead MoreAn Operating System Based On The Linux Kernel1761 Words   |  8 Pageshardware, software, personnel, and their implementations. Our group consists of Brad Soergel, Kai Javois, Maan Ababtain, Nuh Hamilton, and Lakeem Duporte. Our group was charged with utilizing the Android operating system in the business of our choice. We decided to implement this operating system in the Management, Deployment, and day to day activities of a Tourism office. Due to the need for mobility, we decided An droid would be best for the integration of our mobile devices. We were allottedRead MoreOperating Systems: Current Development of Windows and Linux1955 Words   |  8 Pages INTRODUCTION An operating system is a collection of programs written in low level languages that control the resources of a computer. It manages the computers memory, processes, and all of its software and hardware. Operating system acts as an interface between the users and the hardware which allows the user to communicate with the computer without a language barrier. Booting is the process that occurs when users press the power button to turn the computer on. During this process, the computer

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Causes And Effect Of Warning Signs - 1337 Words

definition bodily effects warning signs target groups treatments Type 1 a condition in which the body cannot produce insulin increased risk of heart disease, nerve damage, retinopathy etc. increased thirst or hunger,dry mouth, fatigue, unexplained weight loss appears from infancy to 30s, having a father with type 1 diabetes, being ill in early infancy insulin injections Type 2 the body is able to produce insulin but cannot utilize it increased risk of heart disease, nerve damage, retinopathy etc. increased thirst or hunger,dry mouth, fatigue, unexplained weight loss overweight individuals, people over 40, African Americans, Native hawaiians, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, individuals with a family history of diabetes diet, exercise, pills, insulin( as last resort) 2. 9.3% of the population had diabetes in 2012. Diabetes is the 7th largest cause of death in the U.S. according to 2010 death certificates. The ethnicity with the highest rate of diagnosed diabetics is Native Americans and Alaskan Natives with 15.9% of the population. Hospitalization rates for heart attacks are 1.8 times higher and 1.5 times higher for strokes amongst diabetics than nondiabetics. 4.2 million adult diabetics suffered retinopathy from 2005-2008. About 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations are among diabetic adults. 3. Insulin tells the fat and muscle cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as energy. Type 2 diabetes is characterised by insulinShow MoreRelatedPolice Suicide And Its Effects1720 Words   |  7 Pageshanging, cutting, overmedicating, and guns. In the United States, 80 to 90% of officers revolvers were used for committing suicide (Chae and Boyle, 2013). According to the Suicide Awareness Voices of Education website, suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. In 1994, there were more officers that had killed themselves than officers who lost their lives in the line of duty (Baker Baker, 1996). The records of 1994 showed that while only two officers were killed by criminalsRead MoreJulius Caesar Cause and Effect Essay952 Words   |  4 PagesMrs. Ham Honors English 2 March 7th, 2012 Julius Caesar Cause and Effect Essay: A Leaders Fateful Decision: Decisions. Decisions are what make the world go round. Without them, time would be frozen, never moving forward. They are the choices people make that determine our future. Some decisions are hard, some are easy. But, no matter what decisions are made, they will always end with the same result: an effect. So, its important that people go through the decision makingRead MoreStress In Adolescence Essay1468 Words   |  6 Pageswaiting to be exposed. It is mostly aware by everyone who has been an adolescent or has an adolescent. It is an ongoing problem in the American society, yet the level of stress in adolescents has not been reduced along with the effects. According to the book Adolescent Stress: Causes and Consequences edited by Mary Ellen Colten and Susan Gore, G. David Johnson states in his book review: â€Å"The many problems experienced by adolescents in our time (particularly in the U.S., but also in other societies) areRead MoreAnti Depressants in Teens727 Words    |  3 Pagesside effects such as an increased chance to commit suicide or have suicidal thoughts or actions. This risk of suicide is higher for people under the age of 25. (Mayo Clinic Staff). Teenage usage of anti-depressants has been a controversial issue for many decades. Many people believe that anti-depressants aren’t a medication, but only create artificial happiness. Teenage usage of anti-depressants is so risky because it can increase the chance of suicide. Some more side effects they can cause are anxietyRead MoreMajor Teen Depression and Its Growing Issue in Society1382 Words   |  6 Pagesneither them nor anyone else recognizes the signs. â€Å"A sudden change in behavior is a main sign of someone being depressed, which could lead to having suicidal thoughts,† stated Pam Farkas, a clinical social worker in California (Aguilar 1 par. 8). The warning signs and risk factors of teen depression include behavioral issues, social withdrawal, and inadequate interest in activities (Adolescents and Clinical Depression 2 par. 3), yet the unawareness of these signs does not allow professional medical attentionRead MoreSubstance Abuse And Its Effect On Education1348 Words   |  6 PagesSubstance Abuse and its Effect on Education Drug abuse is a serious public health problem that affects almost every community and family in some way. Each year drug abuse causes millions of serious illnesses or injuries among Americans. A study done in John Hopkins University School of Medicine, found that individuals who are unemployed have higher rates of substance abuse than those who are regularly employed. Five hundred and fifty nine participants, who were unemployed, at least eighteen yearsRead MoreThe Warning Signs and Risk Factors of Teen Depression993 Words   |  4 Pagestheir major depression going unnoticed or untreated for (Vidourek). Most of the causes and signs of depression lie hidden within the individual since majorities of people experience them without any real issue arising. â€Å"A sudden change in behavior is a main sign of someone being depressed, which could lead to having suicidal thoughts,† stated Pam Farkas, a clinical social worker in California (Aguilar). The warning signs and risk factor s of teen depression include behavioral issues, social withdrawalRead MoreIs Abuse A Nursing Homes? What Are The Warning Signs?951 Words   |  4 Pages What is abuse in nursing homes? What are the warning signs? How did abuse in nursing homes start? To begin, there are different types of abuse such as: emotional, sexual, neglect, financial and physical abuse. Next, the warning signs of any type of abuse are tension between the elderly and changes in behavior. Finally, nursing homes have a long history of abuse, but because of laws and regulations there has been less cases than in the past. In conclusion, abuse in nursing homes can be avoided byRead MoreTeen Suicide Essay891 Words   |  4 Pagesexistence, and educating them on the warning signs and prevention methods. In this essay I will explain why suicide is a major public health problem through statistics, show the warning signs, and how to take preventative measures. Jeremy Olson, a reporter from the star tribune, believes that â€Å"reports of surges in teen suicide are inaccurate and harmful†. Unfortunately, Suicide is the third leading cause of death among teens ages 15-24, and is the fifth leading cause of death for 5-14 year olds (TeenRead MoreLegal Overview: David and Brian Case Study1149 Words   |  5 Pagestheir building. To access the roof, they quietly ascended the last flight of stairs, ducking under a chain with a warning sign not to do so. The warning sign read as follows: DANGER! Emergency Fire Exit ONLY. Unauthorized Access Beyond this Point for Any Reason is Strictly Forbidden. Violators (Including Building Residents) Will Be Prosecuted for Trespass. Two smaller sign on both sides of the chain said: Unhook Here in Emergencies and Remove Chain from Stairwell to Avoid Tripping

American Judicial System Free Essays

The American judiciary system was found on the adversarial model. In the United State of America, the constitution founders believed that the only best form of government was one that would promote the welfare of an individual such as one social class or a director. The middle class was favored as the most likely group to promote the common welfare because they had in mind that the rich and poor would mostly be concerned with promotion of their own interests. We will write a custom essay sample on American Judicial System or any similar topic only for you Order Now The founders of constitution also believed that the common welfare meant having total protection to each individual’s natural rights of property, life and liberty. They chose a form of government called the republican government (Vaughan, 2003, p. 1712-1862). Because England’s powers of government were balanced and divided among the king and the parliaments two houses (the commons and the House of Lords), this system was applicable. This is because it best exemplified republican government. Madison J. who was one of the United States Farmers had his own definition to the republic as a nation or country whose laws and policies are made and administered by some of representatives of the people. He recommended that those representatives should be elected by a large number of people but not a small class. In addition, he figured out that such a government would fully serve the society with no special consideration to particular groups. More so, apart from their nations of republican government, natural rights and common good the constitution founders wanted written laws that would clearly show the rights of all individuals and extent of the power in government. The American constitution sets forth the fundamental laws and rules showing how their government is operated and organized. Although most of the countries have both unwritten and written constitutions, the limited powers of the government by a constitution which must be obeyed by the government is the one that distinguishes a dictatorial government from a constitutional one. The contrast is perceived in that, the dictatorial government has unlimited powers over the government and its natural resources. It is very difficult for the citizens to force such kind of tyrannical rules to obey the law because the rules also control the nation’s defense force group like police and military. https://www. netsafa. navy. mil/ipg/judicial-process. htm In a government governed by a constitution, the laws set should show the basic rights of its citizens to their property, liberty and life. It states that the government should have a responsibility to guard such rights. It also has the government’s power limitations shows the extent to which citizen’s lives cannot be interfered with by the government. Also it includes the ways by which the nation can be changed through the consent of its citizens. The constitution farmers in America borrowed some ideas from the British model and came up with a series of balances and checks so as to have protection against power abuse by the government. To avoid domination of powers by one sector in the government, powers are given to quite different branches of government. The two main power branches in a constitution include; the executive branch which has the responsibility of enforcing the laws, and the legislative branch which is responsible for law making. This information centers on the judicial branch system in the United States government (Young, 54). Although all other nations have laws and rules governing people’s relationships with each other, and other kinds of rules which govern human relationships like the custom, religion and accepted morality, the American’s judicial system appears to be a bit complex. The complexity is with the courts at different levels like in state, Federal County and Municipal bodies. It is not easy to understand the interrelationships although there are laws which clarifies jurisdiction and assigns responsibilities. According to the judicial foundation system, nobody and nothing in the country can stand outside the law or above the law. In the United States, the penalty for running a red light in vehicles is same to the general or admiral because it is made for a season or private. The brief in the primacy of the law is basic to the citizen’s way of life. The law becomes the ultimate arbiter while the courts are its major guardians. The actions of all other government branches must have consistency with the laws. With regardless of citizens’ official status, social position, religion, wealth or political creed, they are all subject to the law. This acts as one major goal for justice in America. The court ensures same law enforcement upon the powerless and the powerful. Due to this reason the courts and the law are said to be the fundamental guardians of equality life in United States. What is more important with American Judicial system is that, once an individual is accused of crime, he or she is regarded as to be innocent until when he is proved guilty in the courtroom. This implies that, the burden of proof is left to the prosecutor, the accused victim requires not prove his or her innocence (Young, 54). Once a person has been accused in law violation, the law insists that such an individual be tried by a jury. These juries are made up of just ordinary citizens who are chosen to serve temporarily in court to listen to the evidences in case where by they decide whether the accused is innocent or guilty. They are not official government. In United States, judiciary is a quite separate branch of government. Besides the fact that judicial system is subject to the same types of balances and checks as for the case in legislative and executive branches, it is not controlled by either of them it implies that, courts are not in any way influenced by the executive and legislative in their duties. Their courts are perceived to play an important role in their activities to shape the public policy. They are seen to provide judicial legal interpretations for both civil law and criminal law. More so, they shape legal policy through appeals and trials (Harper 1998). After adoption of the constitution in 1989, the federal and state courts have used the power in declaring an action at the executive branch or legislature as unconstitutional thus making them null and void. Generally, the American courts are no only important because of justice administration but also due to shaping public policy. According to many people it is perceived that American justice is very slow. Yes it is true that the dockets of court are very full but all these aims at fairness in justice. The judicial system of America is an integral system where by the people’s rights are protected against government interferences. Due to judicial system body being set as an independent body, it is true that justice is being administered in light of the court room work groups and assembly line justice. According to the citizens, this is a very good thing because there is no difference between poor and rich in the law administration. References Young, E. (2005). Institutional Settlement in a Globalizing Judicial System. Duke Law Journal 54. Harper J, (1998 June 7). Collections: Judicial Watch Keeps Stern Watch on Court’s System, Clinton. Religious Studies, Philosophy, History, Psychology, and Library. Vaughan, B. (2003). The Evolution of Louisiana’s Judicial System. From Chaos to Continuity. 69, 1712-1862. How to cite American Judicial System, Papers

Determinants of Health Factors Indigenous Population of Australia

Question: Discuss about the Determinants of Health Factors Population of Australia. Answer: Introduction: The health of the indigenous population of Australia is generally worse off than the health of the non-Indigenous people when it comes to the social determinants of health. In the initial life, it is manifested in higher rates of low patterns if disrupted growth of children and lower rates of low birth weight. This report illustrates the state of health of Indigenous people in comparison with the non-Indigenous people (Alligood, 2014, p. 12). The report also describes factors that determine the health of the Indigenous people of Australia. The implications of these factors on the lives and health of the Indigenous inhabitants is also discussed in brief in the report. The health services that the non-indigenous people can access are not accessible to the Indigenous people of Australia. This adds to one of the higher levels of disadvantage for the lives of indigenous people of Australia. In most of the cases, it is because the Aboriginal and the Torres Strait people live in the remote locations than the non-Indigenous people where the all the health services are offered in the urban location (Billings Halstead, 2015). Employment and income Employment and income play significant roles in the obtaining the access to better health for the Indigenous people in Australia. Most of the indigenous people of Australia are not privileged with higher income as the employment scope for them is very limited. The rate of education for these indigenous people of Australia is extremely low both the in quality and quality which has resulted in low income for them. The indigenous people may not be exposed to the similar opportunities so as to obtain healthy food like the non-indigenous people can get. The stores have very less stock of food items like whole meal bread and reduced fat milk as people do not have that much income to buy these products most of the time. Status of the self-assessed health and employment are closely related. Employment is also associated with the behavioural risk factors for the growth of the chronic disease inflicting upon the Indigenous people in Australia (Blais, 2015). According to the data collected from the 2012-2013 AATSIHS, the Indigenous people who were from the age of 15 to 64 who were not employed in the labour force were found to be significantly more prone to have poor health than those not- Indigenous people who were employed in the labour force (Butcher, et al., 2013, p. 15). The Indigenous people who aged between 15 to 64 and were employed were found to less prone to smoking tobacco on a regular basis. The 46% of the Indigenous people who aged from 15 to 64 and were unemployed smoked daily and had their health decrementing as compared to the 36% of the Indigenous people who were employed. 71% of the employed Indigenous people were not obese or overweight as compared to the 59% of those who were unemployed in the whole community and 57% of those who were not in the labour force (Butcher, et al., 2013). The association of the poverty and employment with the status of health of the indigenous people can be analyzed from various ways. Indigenous people who have been employed have are found out to be in good health as more people have the possibility of participating in the labour force if they are in good health. Half of the indigenous people of Australia in the age group of 15 are found out to have a personal income of $362 in a week as compared to $582 or less by the non- indigenous people in Australia. 42% of the Australian indigenous people belonging to the same aged group were employed which shows that higher is the employment rate, the less detriment the health of the Indigenous people is (Butcher, et al., 2013). Thus, the Indigenous Australian who are employed is having better health conditions than the Indigenous people who do not have employment. Hence, poor employment and poverty have been one of the leading factors of health deterioration of the Indigenous people of Australia. Health behaviors and lifestyle Excessive intake of alcohol has been found to have a lot of contribution towards the hampering of health of the Indigenous people in Australia. High doses of alcohol have been leading to many numbers of cases of coronary heart disease, stroke, certain cancers, high blood pressure, stroke, and pancreatitis. The increased amount of alcohol on a regular basis by the Indigenous people in Australia has also led to many injuries resulting from drowning, homicide, and road accidents (Holloway Galvin, 2016, p. 73). Excessive consumption during pregnancy by the indigenous women population has resulted in bad health of the unborn child, miscarriage and many complications post pregnancy for both mother and child. Exposure to the tobacco smoke has also resulted in the risk of infections and development of asthma by the children and the other members living in a house with a regular smoker (Butcher, et al., 2013, p. 10). It was found out that 17% of the indigenous population of Australia belonging to the age group of 15 years and above who are involved in drinking, smoking and other illicit substances have the medium to high levels of health risks (Grohar-Murray, DiCroce Langan, 2016, p. 83). After the adjustments of the age, the proportion of the adults among the Indigenous population who are addicted to drinking, smoking and other drugs are exposed to high levels of major health issues in the Indigenous population of Australia. The indigenous people who are addicted to the illicit substances have been found out to be hospitalized for the mental and behavioural disorders associated with alcohol. The most common cases of mental and behavioural disorders that were found to relevant with the Indigenous people was acute intoxication due to which the indigenous people being hospitalized 15 times more than the rate of hospitalization in the cases of non-Indigenous people of Australia (Hockenberry Wilson, 2014). The rate of hospitalization and the liver disease due to alcohol is 9.4 times higher for the Indigenous masses than that for the non-Indigenous people of Australia. This shows that the explicit use alcohol, tobacco, illicit products have major implications on the health of the Indigenous people of Australia. Education Education is the characteristic that is included under the socioeconomic factors of the population. Having the choices and opportunities of the education limits in a poor way will influence the factors that are related to health like lacking proper diet and the accessibility to the health care (Hockenberry Wilson, 2014). Getting access to the education is considered to be an important factor for the determinants of the health and the wellbeing of the individual and in turn, the lower education levels are linked often to the features such as the unemployment, housing of low quality, poverty, and the decreased access to the services of health (Education, 2014, p. 43). Three out of six COAG which are closing the targets of the Gap will relate the Indigenous education. Status of education and health Results obtained from the NATSISS in the year 2008 have shown that if the schooling is reaching for higher levels than it is associated positively with the health status. It has been depicted in the following figure: The people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander who are under the age of 15 to 34 years who have completed level 12th were more likely to rate for the health in an excellent and very good manner when compared with that people who have left the school at the 9th standard or below that (59 per cent was compared with 49 per cent). Even those were considered to be less likely to have the rating of health as fair or poor (9 per cent compared with 16 per cent) (Lewis, et al., 2015). While the overall health levels for the Indigenous Australians have been reported lower for the people who are aged by 35 years and more. People who have completed level 12th were more likely to rate their health as very good or excellent- 43 per cent, which is compared with the 25 per cent of the population who have completed only level 9th or below. The associations between the levels of the psychological distress and the completion of the school have been found to be similar. The younger people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander who have completed the level 12th have been less likely to report of having high or very high levels of the psychological distress when compared with the ones who left the school at the level 9th or below that in this 29 per cent was compared with that 35 per cent. Among the population of Indigenous Australian who were aged around 35 years and more the proportions that were corresponding were found to be 20 per cent and 37 per cent respectively (Lewis, et al., 2015). Figure 1: Self-reported health Status Source: (Lewis, et al., 2015) From the studies, it is understood that education is the principal factor for improving the conditions of health and wellbeing. For instance, education of higher levels is found to be connected with having the better understanding of the lifestyles and it being healthy and health care system being good. It also showed that mortality rates are higher for those individuals whose level of education was low, especially for those who are having smoking related diseases. Those people who remained in school and have the tendency of smoking less will be more active and who consumes less alcohol all of these factors will reduce the risk of getting chronic diseases in adults (Lewis, et al., 2015). Racism and racial discrimination Many various forms are taken by racism. The characteristic of racial discrimination will be involving the acts such as if the individual is being treated unfairly or disparaged due to their color, nationality, race, descent, or the ethnic origin. A systematic occurrence of racism might happen as a result of the conditions, policies, and the practices which will affect the wide range of a group of people. High levels of racism are continued to be experienced by the people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander in Australia throughout the multiple settings. However, racial discrimination is really hard to measure (Potter, et al., 2016). In between the levels of 16 per cent and 93 per cent the people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander have reported that they are experiencing the racial discrimination. These conclusions have been drawn from the nature of the study from the questions that were asked and the responses that were given depending on the questions. The research conducted by Australians shows that people who are experiencing the racial discrimination are being linked to the poor self-assessment of the status of health, diseases that are related to stress, psychological distress, smoking, diabetes, and the usage of the substance and in general it is having the impact in a negative way of the health (Yoder-Wise, 2014, p. 99). Further, research that has been conducted recently has shown that three people out of the four Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander are experiencing the racial discrimination regularly while evaluating the primary health care, it has been noticed that some of the people were not being diagnosed and are not given the treatment for the disease in the early stages (Stuart, 2014). From the evidence, it is suggested that the racism and the racial discrimination has been found to affect the people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (AIHW 2009d) with various adverse health conditions. The term discrimination in this context will refer to the situations or the places that were reported self at which the individual as a result of being Indigenous have received an unfair treatment (ABS 2010e). Conclusion In the context of Aboriginal, health is considered to be multifaceted and complex in which the physical health of the people, the social and the emotional health and the wellbeing of the entire communities are included. In this essay, the discussion was progressing on the determinants of the health factors on how they impact on the health and well-being of a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background. It has been designed for providing the background information in a broad way and to promote the conversation regarding the various factors and their influence on the health and wellbeing of the individuals. The health issues of the people of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander with respect to the factors have been discussed. Though it does not provide the overall picture of the present health system or the experiences that are faced by the Indigenous Australian it briefs out the situations. References Alligood, M.R 2014,Nursing theorists and their work, Elsevier Health Sciences, pp 7-15 Billings, D.M Halstead, J.A, 2015,Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty, Elsevier Health Sciences. Blais, K, 2015.Professional nursing practice: Concepts and perspectives, Pearson. Butcher, H.K, Bulechek, G.M, Dochterman, J.M.M Wagner, C, 2013, Nursing interventions classification (NIC), Elsevier Health Sciences, pp 10-15 Butterworth, T Faugier, J, 2013, Clinical supervision and mentorship in nursing, Springer. Education, P.N, 2014, Advancing Nursing Excellence for Public Protection, pp 23-50 Giger, J.N, 2016, Transcultural nursing: Assessment and intervention, Elsevier Health Sciences. Grohar-Murray, M.E, DiCroce, H.R Langan, J.C, 2016, Leadership and management in nursing. Pearson, pp 45-90 Hockenberry, M.J Wilson, D, 2014.Wong's nursing care of infants and children, Elsevier Health Sciences. Holloway, I Galvin, K, 2016, Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare, John Wiley Sons, pp 67-90 Lewis, S.L, Maltas, J, Dirksen, S.R Bucher, L, 2015, Study guide for medical-surgical nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems, Elsevier Health Sciences. Moorhead, S, Johnson, M, Maas, M.L Swanson, E, 2014, Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC): measurement of health outcomes, Elsevier Health Sciences. Parahoo, K, 2014, Nursing research: principles, process and issues, Palgrave Macmillan. Potter, P.A, Perry, A.G, Stockert, P Hall, A, 2016, Fundamentals of nursing, Elsevier Health Sciences. Stuart, G.W, 2014, Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing, Elsevier Health Sciences. Yoder-Wise, P.S, 2014, Leading and managing in nursing, Elsevier Health Sciences, pp 45-10

Friday, May 1, 2020

Animal Testing Essay Thesis Example For Students

Animal Testing Essay Thesis Medicines, household products, food, and basically everything involved in the life of an average person has to under go a form of testing before it islegal to be placed on a shelf and if available to the public. The same tests are performed on every medical procedure that is introduced to surgeons. Since the only way to directly mimic the human body is to use it itself, scientists were forced to find the closest and best alternative. That is where animals were introduced to the medical profession. Experimentation on animals date back to as early as 500 BC, making this form of medical validation one of the oldest known to humans. It is not only one of the oldest but one of the most informative. Scientists use animals in medical research to study how the body works and how to diagnose, cure, and prevent disease. Researchers also use animals for tests to try to protect the public from dangerous chemicals, (Day, 13) such as those included in detergents, bleach, and other household produc ts. When live animals are used in experimentation, this practice is called vivisection. Animals are used in many instances because their bodies often react in a similar way to that of a humans. Although animals have been used in medical research for numerous years it was not until the early 1920s that it became more prominent. It was at this point that the introduction of using live, un-anesthetized, animals to study toxic effects on an increasing array of drugs, pesticides and food additives was introduced. After this great advance in medical research the results of using animals grew with leaps and bounds. In 1970 this process peaked with the use of millions of animals. Since then, according to the USDAs Animals Welfare Enforcement, 1,267,828 animals were used for medical purposes in 1998, which is more than a 50 percent decrease since 1970. Although this is a drastic drop in animals used there have been many medical advances; virtually every medical break through this century has come about as the result of research with animals. (Office of Technology) Of the many animals used for experiments, about 90 percent of the animals used are rats, mice and other rodents. Animals such as these are used for two reasons, one because they are readily available upon request, and two because they are cheap which helps aid the large cost of animals experimentation. Although it has been proven, that in many cases, rats and mice are not an accurate subject to test medicines on; their popularity has only grown larger. Mechanize (a travel sickness drug) caused severe deformities in rats, but not in humans, whereas Thalidomide (a sedative drug) caused no reaction in rats but cause deformities in humans. This is only one of the many cases where mice and rats have been found as faulty test subjects. With the wide range of animals that are available, the tests the are used on them are even vaster. The tests are broken down into many different categories, which allows scientists t o zero in on certain areas of testing and to specify results. The largest and most useful area of testing is called Toxicity Testing. In toxicity tests, animals are generally exposed to chemicals in ways that are meant to mimic human exposure, by ingestion, inhalation, skin contact and contact with the eyes. The type of animals used in this field include rodents, dogs, cats, fish, birds (chickens, hens, pigeons) rabbits, frogs, pigs, sheep, and primates. Toxicity testing is aimed at providing information, which can be used to attempt to protect society and the environment against the harmful effects of chemicals. (Boyd, 184) Eye irritancy tests, the largest and most controversial area in toxcity testing, began in 1920. It was introduced because soldiers were exposed to mustard gas in World War I, their eyes began to burn and some lost sight. To understand what the effects of the mustard gas more clearly scientist used rabbits as their test subjects. They would force they eyes of the rabbit open and let mustard gas fester for days, they would then compare their findings to the effects on humans. 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